The development of the engine portion of the integrated propulsion system computer code is discussed. Gas turbine propulsion systems pulls together all of the systems and subsystems associated with gas turbine engines in aircraft and marine warship applications. Competing manufacturers of marine gas turbines powerweb. This was mainly because of the great difference in fuel consumption, even modern oilfired steam boilers consumption was up to 30% more than that of todays big diesels. Combined gas and steam turbine as prime mover in marine. Our marine gas turbine range is delivering the power required for next generation platforms. We have pioneered some of the most important technical advances in marine propulsion including the use of aero gas turbines for surface ship propulsion. Major changes in gas turbine design, especially in the design and complexity of engine control systems, have led to the need for an up to date, systemsoriented treatment of gas turbine propulsion. Marine propulsion systems gas turbine propulsion systems. The name of motor ships are often prefixed with ms.
The future of natural gas as a fuel in marine gas turbine for. Marine turbine engines how does a steam turbine work on. Ii gas turbine engines for marine and road transport n. Ge marine gas turbine propulsion for frigates ge aviation. Rwg services for the marine propulsion industry rwg. Nov 05, 2019 in the naval marine sector, several ship programs currently use combined diesel electric or gas turbine codelog or combined diesel electric and gas turbine codelag propulsion. The gas turbine drive shaft contains the turbine starter and the auxiliary pumps drives for the different systems. Recent marine projects have extended the range of applications for ges lm aeroderivative gas turbines in commercial marine markets.
The japanese asuka is already using the similar lm2500 in an. Ge is the only manufacturer of propulsion gas turbines in the united states. Marine propulsion is the mechanism or system used to generate thrust to move a ship or boat across water. This paper considers the ship types that have adopted marine gas turbines and the ship characteristics that determine the choice of the propulsion system and prime mover type.
Such technology is already used in marine and uav applications, however, comes with the drawback of being. Waste heat recovery from marine gas turbines and diesel. A 30% fuel saving over current simple cycle marine turbines is claimed. Gas turbine application to us naval ship propulsion asme digital. Marine gas turbines are in safe hands within our dedicated facility in the uk. We are the right maintenance partner to keep marine gas turbines running safely, reliably and costeffectively. While paddles and sails are still used on some smaller boats, most modern ships are propelled by mechanical systems consisting of an electric motor or engine turning a propeller, or less frequently, in pumpjets, an impeller. Ge has a proven network of global manufacturing partners, which includes nine depot service centers, to satisfy local manufacturing content needs. In addition to the threestage gas turbine system, the altairvega unit is available in single and twostage designs to suit other requirements. Ges electric and hybrid propulsion systems can enable up to 10% greater fuel efficiency than traditional dieselmechanical systems. Advantages and experience of using sss synchroselfshifting.
Elements of gas turbine propulsion aeronautical engineering. The largest consumers of the marine gas turbine has traditionally been the navies and military of the world. Frigate propulsion trends and ge lm2500 family gas turbine suitability. Most of the mass of the jet exhaust comes from the surrounding atmosphere. The highperformance 118 wallypower used three tf50s for main propulsion one of the few all. Conceptual layout of a container ship with a gas turbine propulsion system in. Some utilize synchronous selfshifting clutches, and some utilize. With a turbine it is possible to pack 5,000hp into the same space that would be occupied by a 500hp diesel engine. Gas turbine propulsion systems aiaa education series. Tf series marine gas turbine engines for propulsion and. Worldclass facilities, highly experienced people and oem approval. Gas turbines and generator systems for yachts boat. In addition to ensuring safety and reliability, modern propulsion control systems are also playing an increasingly important role in facilitating smooth and efficient operation of the ship.
Some utilize synchronous selfshifting clutches, and some utilize other types of nonautomatic friction clutches. In 1960 marine gas turbines had an efficiency of around 25 per cent at their rated power, while second. Maido saarlas steam and gas turbines for marine propulsion maido saarlas this book takes an operational approach to the turbine relative to its function as part of an overall power. Before we could answer that question, we needed to answer the following two questions. Marine engineering is the discipline concerned with the. Pdf gas turbine engines offer a wide range of power in relatively small sizes and are used in a. Marine turbine engines have mostly been replaced by large two stroke diesel engines as a means of ships propulsion. The industrial and marine gas turbine database is a unique reference source that contains details of every propulsion gas turbine. Gas turbine propulsion systems for small naval ships. The subject of engine fuel control has undergone major changes in the past 20 years due to the advent of digital electronic control technology and therefore previous books on the. Fleet commonality of a single gas turbine affords a support pool of standardized spare parts, a common gas.
Propulsion solutions flexible, efficient, cleaner propulsion technology. Etf40btf50b driven by speed and power the tf series marine gas turbine engines offer the ideal solution for marine power where compact size and light weight can be translated. Applications of gas turbine for supercharging of i. Abstract the gas turbines areknown to have good efficiency when used in combined cycle. Powering the worlds future fleets designed for the 21st century the mt30 encompasses the very latest in marine gas turbine technology and gives operators of gasturbine powered vessels efficiency and reliability improvements, with a market leading powertoweight ratio and reduced operating and throughlife costs. Aircraft electrical propulsion onwards and upwards. The gas turbine as applied to marine propulsion sage journals. A chronological account of the use of gas turbines for marine propulsion can be found in hunt 2011 and only a brief summary is given here. The superheated steam enters the high pressure hp stage the astern turbine is on the same shaft and.
Comparison of hydromechanical controls and electronic. It is equipped with the full range of specialist tooling and state of the art technologies you would expect from a worldleading service provider. This system of ship propulsion is known as a splitshaft gas turbine. With ge being the market leader in the supply of marine propulsion gas turbines and seeing the proliferation in the demand for frigates, we wanted to know how our gas turbines and product roadmap compared to the needs of frigates. With a turbine it is possible to pack 5,000hp into the same space that would be. Today more than 20 navies use our marine gas turbines and are benefiting from our ongoing investment that brings the latest aero technology to the marine market. The propulsion control system is a key feature of the automation systems on board a ship. Jun 12, 2014 a turbine engine does not work in outer space because there is no surrounding air. An internal combustion engine of reaction type consisting of an intake duct, a compressor, a combustion chamber, a turbine and an exhaust duct. In this update to our ongoing analysis, we cover the. One of the advantages of the closed turbine gas cycle is that the turbine stays clean because the combustion products do not pass through it. The maintenanceworking principle, and theory of gas turbines and combined gas and steam turbine systems will also be described to give basic knowledge of the subject.
Ges highly efficient marine gas turbines come in various sizes and power ranges, and can meet current and future emissions regulations. This paper discusses the suitability of using natural gas as a fuel for marine gas turbine electric propulsion dfge, utilizing natural boiloff gas and forced boiloff gas, as well as investigating its economical and environmental bene. Five marine propulsion engines types are considered. This did not reflect poorly on the marine propulsion gas turbine concept though, and the trial was a success overall. Jan 14, 2014 index introduction objectives classification of gas turbine applications of gas turbine methods to improve the thermal efficiency of gas turbine jet propulsion types of jet engines rocket engine 3. This thesis focuses on the evaluation of marine propulsion engines for a surface ships propulsion system. For a gas turbine engine, the accelerated gas, or working fluid, is the jet exhaust. Although aircraft propulsion is the focus, the material can also be used to study ground and marine based gas turbines and turbomachinery and some advanced topics in compressors and turbines. Our involvement in naval propulsion spans more than half a century.
In the naval marine sector, several ship programs currently use combined diesel electric or gas turbine codelog or combined diesel electric and gas turbine codelag propulsion. The marine gas turbine inspector mgti program is open to e6 and above. Propulsion system selection is also influenced by the prevailing and emerging propulsion. Jul 29, 2011 major changes in gas turbine design, especially in the design and complexity of engine control systems, have led to the need for an up to date, systemsoriented treatment of gas turbine propulsion. Valentini gas turbine power plants 9 mass flow rates and so this plant can be adopted on sites with low water availability. They include an lm2500 marine gas turbine, an intercooled recuperative. Gas turbines as ships main engines brighthub engineering. The selection of a viable control system is critical for any gas turbine installation, and especially for marine applications.
Ce2017415 evaluation of marine gas turbine engine parameters. Development of high efficiency marine propulsion plant ultra. This paper will describe the hydromechanical control system previously used on allison 501k marine gas turbines, and the electronic closed loop control system currently used. Merchant marine exam chief engineer, limited illustrations. Gas turbine systems technician mechanical roadmaps are just what the name implies a roadmap through the enlisted. What is a career roadmap for gas turbine systems technician mechanical. In addition, applications of marine spey gas turbines in the royal navy have been discussed by. Most modern, high speed passenger and military aircraft are powered by gas turbine engines. Pdf aerothermodynamics of gas turbine and rocket propulsion. The future of natural gas as a fuel in marine gas turbine. This paper will describe the hydromechanical control system previously used on allison 501k marine gas turbines, and. Many of these warships and naval auxiliaries demand highperformance, flexible and durable propulsion systems. Ultimately, the variablepitch propeller, which was of a new and untested design, ended the trial, as three consecutive annual inspections revealed stresscracking. There are also electric systems used in marine propulsion.
Our gas turbines provide superior availability for diverse military applications, ranging from patrol boats, corvettes, frigates, destroyers and cruisers to supply and amphibious ships and aircraft carriers. Marine gas turbine propulsion system applications turbo. Within the marine world gas turbines operate in niche ship types only, but why is this. The gas turbine is used in propulsion systems, as drivers for large compressors and for electric power production.
Choose the best answer to the following multiple choice questions. In preparation for engine operation and data analysis, answer the following. Mt30 marine gas turbine designed with approximately 50 per cent fewer parts than other aeroderived gas turbines in its class, to minimise maintenance costs, the mt30 has a twinspool, highpressure ratio gas generator with free power turbine. Engine specifications tf40 tf50b etf40b power range shp 4,000 4,600 5,100 5,600 5,000 5,500 kw 3,000 3,500 3,800 4,200 3,700 4,100 gas turbine weight lbs 885 1,005 985 kgs 402 457 447 weight with accessories lbs 1,325 1,445 1,425 kgs 602 657 647 length a continue reading tf series gas turbines. Troitsky encyclopedia of life support systems eolss on the power plant are provisions with electricity, steam and compressed air for service. Mar 10, 2015 the selection of a viable control system is critical for any gas turbine installation, and especially for marine applications. This did not reflect poorly on the marine propulsion gasturbine concept though, and the trial was a success overall. The industrial and marine gas turbine database is a unique reference source that contains details of every propulsion gas turbine that has ever been installed in a warship. Gas turbine systems technician mechanical roadmaps are just what the name implies a roadmap through the enlisted learning and development continuum from fireman recruit through master chief. Marine turbine engines how does a steam turbine work on ships. Pulling together all of the systems and subsystems associated with gas turbine engines in aircraft and marine applications, gas turbine propulsion. Gsms are responsible for operating, maintaining and repairing the mechanical components of gas turbine engines and main propulsion machinery including reduction gears, shafts and controllable pitch propellers. Recent developments in gas turbines technology, coupled with lower oil prices of the late eighties and nineties and profitability in certain markets as made ship owners reconsider the values of the marine gas turbine. Advantages and experience of using sss synchroself.
Ship propulsion protection in maritime environments. A basic understanding of fluid dynamics and thermodynamics is presumed. Tf series marine gas turbine engines for propulsion and integrated power vericor power systems an mtu aero engines company. Gas turbine, an internal combustion engine ice, working in a brayton cycle, derived from aviation turbines, able to burn marine diesel, kerosene, or jet fuel, are used in some fast ships e. Gas turbine engines offer a wide range of power in relatively small sizes and are used in a variety of power generation purposes including marine applications. Gas turbines rollsroyce pdf catalogs documentation. The article presents an analysis of the use of gas turbine engine in the propulsion and marine power plant of vessels, taking into ac count environmental. Introduction a gas turbine is a machine delivering mechanical power or thrust.139 356 1101 14 866 442 1058 511 214 227 758 764 414 1302 1464 498 57 505 473 730 1348 152 156 1308 96 47 1454 370 28 1011 588 630