Biomass production and chemical composition of moringa oleifera under di. Table 1 shows the chemical composition of the essential oil. Harimalala andriambelo nirina 1, rasoarinanahary miora 1, porphyre vincent 2,3, hiol abel 2,3, remize fabienne 2,3 and razanamparany louisette 1. Chemical composition and biological activity of the essential. This has prompted the study of nutritional composition of moringa of south african ecotype. Moringa oleifera, native to india, grows in the tropical and subtropical regions of the world. Alkaloids are a group of chemical compounds, which contain mostly basic nitrogen atoms. Comparative analysis of chemical constituents of moringa oleifera. The phytochemical and nutritional properties of the dried leaf powder of m. Moringa fresh foliage has been included into the diet of different animals. Pdf chemical constituents of moringa oleifera leaves and. In fact, moringa is said to provide 7 times more vitamin c than oranges, 10 times more vitamin a than carrots, 17. Effect of pure culture fermentation on biochemical. However, they are cultivated in tropical and subtropical countries mainly for nutrition and health products.
Lactic fermentation of moringa oleifera leaves is a method of increasing protein intake of the food and the fight against pem target populations. Nutritional value composition of moringa leaves by. Among these processes, the biological processes such as fermentation, contrary to thermal. Introduction a strong and rapidly growing moringa oleifera lamarck fam. Nutritional content and elemental and phytochemical analyses. Chemical compositions and nutritional properties of. Market analysis the market analysis detailed in this chapter, was conducted in terms ofthe following for. Scientific evidences suggest a potential role of m. Chemical constituents of moringa oleifera leaves and seeds. The compounds of the leaves that are held responsible for the anticancer activities. These relatively diverse chemical constituents may be responsible for the medicinal properties of.
Proximate analysis, mineral contents and functional. This relates to the general dearth of information on the functional and physio chemical properties of leaf proteins in the less known plants that can be potential sources of livestock feed. The effects of different planting densities 250,000, 500,000 and 750,000 plants ha. The nutrient compositions of leaves, leaf powder, seeds and pods.
Nutritional quality of moringa oleifera for its bioactivity and antibacterial properties. Chemical constituents of moringa oleifera leaves and. Phytochemical and nutritional properties of dried leaf powder. Sep 05, 2015 the aim of the present study was to evaluate the chemical composition and nutritional values of dried m. The analysis of nutrients contents including elemental has been done using recommended method of analysis. This study determined the chemical constituents, anti. Moringa oleifera leaf meal molm was used as test ingredient to replace costly fish meal and formulation of test diets on varying levels of replacement. Mineral composition of the moringa oleifera leaves and soil.
The different parts of the mo tree, including roots, bark, leaves, flowers, fruits, and seeds are traditionally used in various therapeutic applications, including, abdominal tumors, hysteria a psychological disorder, scurvy, paralysis, helminthic bladder, prostate problems, sores and other skin infections. Nutrient composition of moringa oleifera leaves from two agro ecological zones in ghana william jasper asante, iddrisu latif nasare, damian tomdery, kwame ochireboadu and kwami bernard kentil department of forestry and forest resources management, faculty of renewable natural resources, university for development studies, ghana. Moringa oleifera is a plant native to northern india that can also grow in other tropical and subtropical places, like asia and africa. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the chemical composition and nutritional values of dried m.
In addition, other reports indicated that the vitamin c content ranges around 204 mg100 g of fresh weight. Moringa oleifera as an alternative fodder for dairy cows in. Nutritional content and elemental and phytochemical. Growing and agroprocessing of moringa oleifera with commercial potential in south africa chapter 5. For instance, studies have reported the hepato and renalprotective properties of m. Besides, mpi was characterized based on its composition and functional properties. Therefore, the objective of the study was to determine the nutritional value of moringa leaves of the south. Total nitrogen n was determined using the microkjeldahl method5. Phytochemical and nutritional properties of dried leaf. Sep 22, 2016 biological activity and therapeutic potential of m. Moringa oleifera is a fastgrowing, droughtresistant tree of the family moringaceae, native to the indian subcontinent. Moringa is rich in nutrition owing to the presence of a variety of essential phytochemicals present in its leaves, pods and seeds.
Among several plants evaluated in bioprospective studies, moringa oleifera lam m. This study aimed at measuring the micro and macroelements content of dried moringa oleifera leaves using energy dispersive xray fluorescence spectroscopic edxrf and assessing. Phytochemicals and uses of moringa oleifera leaves in. Materials and methods collection and processing of sample. Chemical compositions and nutritional properties of popcorn. Nutritional characterization of moringa moringa oleifera. Phytochemical composition and antioxidant activity of.
Quantitative analysis of the nutritional components in. Determination of chemical composition and nutritional values. Growing and agroprocessing of moringa oleifera with commercial potential in south africa 4. Phytochemical composition and antioxidant activity of fermented moringa oleifera leaf powder. Moringa as a fodder tree and source of leaf protein concentrate for ruminants. Moringa oleifera, chemical composition, amino acids, fatty acids, physicochemical properties 1. Studies have shown that ascorbic acid is highly sensitive to a number of factors, including. Pdf determination of chemical composition and nutritional.
Comparison of chemical analysis of malunggay samples leaf. Most studies have focused on the leaves of the plant grown in india, africa, or madagascar 3,4. Folk medicine has used the leaves, flowers, seeds, and. Micro and macroelemental composition and safety evaluation. Chemical investigation of the ethanol extract of the leaves of moringa oleifera lam.
Determination of chemical composition and nutritional. Biomass production and chemical composition of moringa. Moringa oleifera belonging to the family of moringaceae is an effective remedy for malnutrition. Moringa oleifera is a tree distributed in mexican semiarid and coastal regions. The nutritive composition of moringa moringa oleifera lam leaves and seeds were evaluated for. Its considered as one of the most useful trees in the world. Original article chemical constituents of moringa oleifera leaves and seeds from abakaliki, nigeria p. Therapeutic potential of moringa oleifera leaves in chronic. Nutrient composition of moringa oleifera leaves from two agro.
This study was carried out to determine the effect of the age of the leaves and fermentation on in vitro protein digestibility and biochemical properties of leaves powder of moringa oleifera. Research advances on the multiple uses of moringa oleifera. Pdf chemical constituents of moringa oleifera leaves and seeds. Phytochemicals, medicinal plant extracts, herbal medicine, uganda. On one hand, a comprehensive screening analysis of chemical components. The extract was used to determine its chemical composition.
These relatively diverse chemical constituents may be responsible for the medicinal properties of moringa oleifera leaves and seeds. Two grammes of dry moringa oleifera leaf powder was soaked in 200ml of boiling water for 30 minutes after which the solution was drained using a 1mm mesh. International food research journal, 24april, 825833. The moisture, protein, ash and crude fiber contents of seed residues, and the density, refractive index, color, acidity. All the methods used in estimating the chemical composition of the plant samples were standard methods of aoacexcept where otherwise stated. Fat in food determine the amount of energy available. The species of moringa are native to india and africa. Nutrient composition and sensory evaluation of moringa. The study on chemical composition and nutritional values of moringa oleifera leaves has been carried out by analysing samples of this plant leaves collected from three different sectors of ouagadougou. Medicinal plants have posed as natural resources of compounds with pharmacological and nutritional properties aiding humans to prevent and treat diseases. Effects of moringa oleifera leaf meal molm based diets on.
Chemical composition and biological activity of the. C, milled using a laboratory blender, sieved through a 0. Nutrient composition of moringa oleifera leaves from two. Uses, side effects, interactions, dosage, and warning. As part of main study aimed on improving the nutriational qualities of moringa oleifera leaves, the present study was carried out to evaluate the effect of fermentation by lactobacillus plantarum a6 on chemical composition and nutritional properties of moringa oleifera leaves powder. Bioactive components in moringa oleifera leaves protect.
Chemical composition of the essential oils the hydrodistillation of the leaves of m. Chemical compositions and nutritional value of moringa. Moringa oleifera leaf cml and indian moringa oleifera leaf iml, a comparative analysis of the phytochemical composition of these two kinds of ml was performed in this study. Its high mineral, protein, and vitamins content has enabled its use as a nutraceutical and panacea for various diseases. This study therefore aimed at evaluating the chemical and nutritional composition of moringa oleifera, and the objective was to highlight its potential as feed supplement and medicinal benefits in poultry production. The feed ingredients were bought from a commercial feed mill and analyzed for chemical composition following aoac, 1995 prior to the formulation of the.
The study on chemical composition and nutritional values of moringa oleifera leaves has been carried out by analysing samples of this plant leaves collected from three different sectors of. The multiple biological activities including antiproliferation, hepatoprotective, antiinflammatory, antinociceptive, antiatherosclerotic. Moringa oleifera is a multipurpose plant used in ghana and most parts of africa. Effects of moringa oleifera leaf meal molm based diets. Pdf the study on chemical composition and nutritional values of moringa oleifera leaves has been carried out by analysing samples of this plant leaves. Therapeutic potential of moringa oleifera leaves in. Chemical composition and some functional properties of. Chemical compositions and nutritional value of moringa oleifera. Moringaoleifera is a tree distributed in ethiopian semiarid and coastal regions.
For moringa leaves, additional variation has been created over time due to errors created as nutrient content values are incorrectly copied from source to source 30. Therapeutic potential of moringa oleifera leaves in chronic hyperglycemia and dyslipidemia. From the report of dr vivencio mamaril 2009, a member of the dabureau of plant industry biotech core team, it was clear that dried malunggay leaves has 2. Proximate, physical and chemical composition of leaves and seeds. Preparation, characterization and functional properties of. Therefore, the objective of the study was to determine the nutritional value of moringa leaves of the south african ecotype. This study aimed at measuring the micro and macroelements content of dried moringa oleifera leaves using energy dispersive xray fluorescence spectroscopic edxrf and assessing its. Common names include moringa, drumstick tree from the long, slender, triangular seedpods, horseradish tree from the taste of the roots, which resembles horseradish, and ben oil tree or benzolive tree from the oil which is derived from the seeds. Moringa oleifera lam locally known as malunggay has been used to combat malnutrition, specially among infants and nursing mothers1. Physicochemical properties of moringa oleifera seeds and. Moringa oleifera is a medicinal plant widely used in folkloric medicine of africa and asia for the treatment of ailments such as ulcer, wound, inflammation, heart problem, cancer, stroke, obesity, anaemia and liver damage. Results obtained showed that the methanolic leaf extract of moringa oleifera has more chemical constituents than the seed with 9octadecenoic acid 20.
The paucity of consistent information of comprehensive chemical composition of the two species is generally observed. Comparative analysis of chemical constituents of moringa. Quantitative analysis of the nutritional components in leaves. Moringa oleifera as an alternative fodder for dairy cows in nicaragua abstract. Determination of chemical composition and nutritional values of. Phytochemical and nutritional properties of dried leaf powder of moringa. Determination of proximate and mineral compositions of moringa oleifera and moringa stenopetala leaves cultivated in arbaminch zuria and konso, ethiopia. The chemical constituents of the methanolic extract of moringa oleifera leaves and seeds were investigated using gas chromatographymass spectrometry. On one hand, a comprehensive screening analysis of chemical components may be conducted to evaluate the similarity of cml to iml. Nutritional composition of moringa oleifera leaves and seeds 37 3. Moringa seed protein isolate mpi was prepared by aqueous salt extraction followed by wateringout to precipitate proteins. Pdf chemical investigation of the ethanol extract of the leaves of moringa oleifera lam. Extraction and precipitation steps were optimized to achieve maximum mpi yield.599 362 826 702 238 630 577 312 812 457 176 999 902 526 26 27 1530 1512 923 72 523 1107 1180 682 240 754 308 988 772 646 93 531 1437 1019 596 1477 1483 27 113